ע
ABARIM
Publications
Abarim Publications' Biblical Dictionary: The Hebrew word: אגר

Source: http://www.abarim-publications.com/Dictionary/a/a-g-r.html

Abarim Publications' online Biblical Hebrew Dictionary

אגר

There are two separate roots of the form אגר (agar), which don't seem to have anything to do with each other:


אגר I

The verb אגר (agar I) means to gather (food). It occurs three times, in Deuteronomy 28:39, Proverbs 6:8 and 10:5. A more common Hebrew verb meaning to gather food is ארה (arah), hence the name Ari. Another verb that has somewhat the same meaning is קהל (qahal), hence the name Qoheleth, which is the original name of the kindred book Ecclesiastes.

אגר II

The unused root אגר (agar II) exists in cognate languages where it means to pay or hire. A more common Hebrew equivalent is the verb שכר (sakar — see the name Issachar). But we know that this root must have exited in Hebrew because one derivative survives, namely the feminine noun אגורה (agora), meaning payment (1 Samuel 2:36 only). Another noun אגרת (iggeret), meaning letter (Nehemiah 6:5) is probably a loan word from Akkadian, and looks like it has to do with our verb by accident.


Associated Biblical names