ע
ABARIM
Publications
Abarim Publications' Biblical Dictionary: The Hebrew word: ארח
Please help us financially

Abarim Publications' online Biblical Hebrew Dictionary

ארח

The verb ארח ('arah) means to wander, travel or keep company with. It's used only five times in the Bible: Judges 19:17, Job 34:8, 2 Samuel 12:4, Jeremiah 14:8 and Jeremiah 9:2.

Our verb yields the following derivations:

  • The masculine noun ארח (orah) means way or path, and is used often figuratively of a direction in which one steers his life (Psalm 16:11, Isaiah 26:8).
  • The feminine noun ארחה (orha) denotes a traveling company or caravan (Genesis 37:25).
  • And then there is the curious feminine noun ארחה (aruha), which denotes a certain kind of meal or meal allowance. It occurs in Jeremiah 40:5, Proverbs 15:17 and 2 Kings 25:30 (=Jeremiah 52:34). None of the sources take the trouble to explain what this word is doing under the verb meaning to travel, but from the contexts it becomes clear that this meal is somewhat restricted. It's a ration, perhaps the kind of ration that a traveler would take along with him; a snack or doggy-bag.

Associated Biblical names

Please help us