Abarim Publications' online Biblical Hebrew Dictionary
The verb מרד (marad) means to be rebellious or to revolt (2 Kings 18:7, Numbers 14:9). It occurs all over the Semitic language spectrum and about twenty-five times in the Bible. More than half of its occurrences cover scenes in which man revolts against man (and always Israel and its king revolting against an invading or occupying foreign force), and in the other half man revolts against God. Its derivations are:
- The masculine noun מרד (mered), meaning rebellion (Joshua 22:24 only).
- The feminine noun מרדות (mardut), also meaning rebellion (1 Samuel 20:30 only).
A semi-synonym of this verb is סרר (sarar), which also means to be rebellious, but which appears to place the emphasis on attitude rather than on action, as does מרד (marad).