Abarim Publications' online Biblical Hebrew Dictionary
The root-verb תמם (tamam) primarily means to be complete or finished (Genesis 47:18, Deuteronomy 31:24) and secondarily to be ethically sound or upright (Job 22:3, Psalm 18:26). And in that sense, this verb is similar to שלם (shalem), to be complete or whole, and ישר (yashar), to be level or straight.
Our verb's derivatives are:
- The masculine noun תם (tom), meaning integrity (Genesis 20:5), or completeness (Isaiah 47:9).
- The feminine equivalent תמה (tumma), also meaning integrity (Proverbs 11:3, Job 27:5).
- The adjective תם (tam), meaning complete or perfect (Song of Solomon 5:2), sound or wholesome (Genesis 25:27), or morally integer (Job 1:8).
- The adjective תמים (tamim), meaning complete or whole (Job 36:4, Joshua 10:13), or sound or having integrity (Genesis 6:9, Psalm 18:24). This adjective is also used as a substantive, meaning that which is complete or entirely in accord with truth and fact (Joshua 24:14, Amos 5:10).
- The masculine noun מתם (metom), meaning entirety or soundness (Isaiah 1:6, Judges 20:48).