Abarim Publications' online Biblical Greek Dictionary
Possibly related to Ερμαν (Herman), a variant of the name Hermes, the verb ερμηνευω (hermeneuo) means to interpret or explain. A derivation which doesn't occur in the Bible is ερμανευς (hermaneus), meaning interpreter. In the New Testament our verb is used with the meaning of to translate from one language into another (John 1:38, Hebrews 7:2). Its derivatives are:
- Together with the prefix δια (dia), meaning through or throughout: the verb διερμηνευω (diermeneuo), meaning to explain clearly and wholly (Luke 24:27), or carefully translate (Acts 9:36) or interpret (1 Corinthians 12:30).
- The noun ερμηνεια (hermeneia), meaning interpretation or explanation (1 Corinthians 14:26).
- Together with the preposition μετα (meta), meaning with or among: the verb μεθερμηνευω (methermeneuo), meaning to translate or interpret (Matthew 1:23, Mark 5:41, John 1:41).