Abarim Publications' online Biblical Greek Dictionary
There are two different words that are spelled identically as μην (men):
One μην (men) is the regular word for month (Luke 1:24, Acts 7:20, James 5:17 — hence our words "month" and "moon"), which also happened to be the name of a lunar deity, Men, who was worshipped in the western part of Anatolia (modern Turkey).
The other μην (men) is a particle of strong affirmation. It was probably little more than a Greek "harrumph!" but, as it was originally spelled μαν (man), its journey into its final form may have been lubricated by the name of the deity, if not also by the familiar Semitic expletive Amen! which is of similar meaning.
The first μην (men) is part of the following derivations:
- Together with the adjective νεος (neos), meaning new: the noun νουμηνια (noumenia), meaning new moon (Colossians 2:16 only).
- Together with the prefix τετρα (tetra), meaning four: τετραμηνον (tetramenon), meaning of four months (John 4:35 only).
- Together with the cardinal number τρεις (treis), meaning three: the adjective τριμηνον (trimenon), meaning of three-months (Hebrews 11:23 only).