Abarim Publications' online Biblical Greek Dictionary
The noun νικη (nike) means victory (hence the sport brand Nike), and - surprisingly - it only occurs once in the New Testament. It's used marvelously in John's first letter, where John writes, "For whatever is born of God overcomes the world; and this is the victory that has overcome the world - our faith" (1 John 5:4; and see our article on the word πιστις, pistis, meaning faith, for more on this).
This noun's derivatives occur more often:
- The verb νικαω (nikao) means to be victorious, prevail or overcome (Luke 11:22, Romans 3:4, Revelation 5:5). This verb in turn yields:
- Together with the preposition υπερ (huper), meaning over or beyond: the verb υπερνικαω (hupernikao), meaning to be more than victorious. This verb was probably designed to indicate the consequences of a complete military victory: utter destruction or perhaps annexation and conversion of the conquered party. In the Bible this verb occurs only in Romans 8:37.
- The noun νικος (nikos), which is the same word as νικη (nike), meaning victory, but of a more modern spelling (Matthew 12:20, 1 Corinthians 15:54).