Abarim Publications' online Biblical Greek Dictionary
The word πεντε (pente) means five, and it's used 38 times in the New Testament; see full concordance. It might at times be used in a wordplay on the name Pontius (Pilate). In Acts 4:4 it follows the word for thousand, and in 1 Corinthians 14:19 it's used in the sense of an undetermined few or "some".
In the New Testament, the following derivations and compounds occur:
- Together with δεκα (deka), meaning ten: the cardinal number δεκαπεντε (dekapente), meaning fifteen (John 11:18, Acts 27:28 and Galatians 1:18 only). This word also occurs with its elements reversed, although not in the Bible. In the Bible only occurs its derivative:
- The ordinal number πεντεκαιδεκατος (pentekaidekatos), meaning fifteenth (Luke 3:1 only).
- The ordinal number πεμπτος (pemptos), meaning fifth. This word is used 4 times, see full concordance, exclusively in Revelation.
- With the numeral termination: πεντακις (pentakis), meaning five times (2 Corinthians 11:24 only). From this word comes:
- Together with εκατον (hekaton), meaning hundred: πεντακοσιοι (pentakosioi), meaning five hundred (Luke 7:41 and 1 Corinthians 15:6 only).
- The cardinal number πεντηκοντα (pentekonta), meaning fifty. This word occurs 7 times; see full concordance.
- The ordinal number πεντηκοστη (pentekoste), meaning fiftieth (Acts 2:1, 20:16 and 1 Corinthians 16:8 only). For some obscure reason, this word was transliterated directly into English as Pentecost, the name of the Feast Of Weeks that was celebrated after seven times seven days (thus on the fiftieth day) from Passover.