Abarim Publications' online Biblical Greek Dictionary
The word πεντε (pente) means five (Matthew 14:17-19, 16:9, 25:2 and Luke 1:24). In Acts 4:4 it follows the word for thousand, and in 1 Corinthians 14:19 it's used in the sense of an undetermined few or "some".
In the New Testament, the following derivations and compounds occur:
- Together with δεκα (deka), meaning ten: the cardinal number δεκαπεντε (dekapente), meaning fifteen (John 11:18, Acts 27:28, Galatians 1:18). This word also occurs with its elements reversed, although not in the Bible. In the Bible only occurs its derivative:
- The ordinal number πεντεκαιδεκατος (pentekaidekatos), meaning fifteenth (Luke 3:1 only).
- The ordinal number πεμπτος (pemptos), meaning fifth (Revelation 6:9, 9:1, 16:10 and 21:20).
- With the numeral termination: πεντακις (pentakis), meaning five times (2 Corinthians 11:24 only). From this word comes:
- Together with χιλιοι (chilioi), meaning thousand: πεντακισχιλιοι (pentakischilioi), meaning five thousand, or rather: five times a thousand (Matthew 14:21, 16:9, Mark 6:44, 8:19, Luke 9:14 and John 6:10).
- Together with εκατον (hekaton), meaning hundred: πεντακοσιοι (pentakosioi), meaning five hundred (Luke 7:41 and 1 Corinthians 15:6 only).
- The cardinal number πεντηκοντα (pentekonta), meaning fifty (Mark 6:40, Luke 7:41, 9:14, 16:6, John 8:57, 21:11 and Acts 13:20).
- The ordinal number πεντηκοστη (pentekoste), meaning fiftieth (Acts 2:1, 20:16, 1 Corinthians 16:8). For some obscure reason, this word was transliterated directly into English as Pentecost, the name of the Feast Of Weeks that was celebrated after seven times seven days (thus on the fiftieth day) from Passover.