🔼The name Abel-mizraim in the Bible
The place called Abel-mizraim is mentioned only once in the Bible, in Genesis 50:11. It's the location, close to the threshing floor of Atad, beyond the Jordan, where Joseph leads the seven day lament over his deceased father Jacob. When the Canaanites saw what was going on, they saw two things: (1) There were people mourning, and (2) they looked like Egyptians. Hence they named the place Abel-mizraim. After the week of lament, Jacob's body was transported to the family grave; the cave of Machpelah at Mamre, where also Abraham, Sarah, Rebekah and Leah lay interred (Genesis 50:13).
🔼Etymology of the name Abel-mizraim
The name Abel-mizraim consists of two elements. The first element Abel (which is not the same name as that of Abel, the son of Adam and Eve), comes from the root group אבל. This element occurs in multiple names, where it usually is translated with meadow or brook. But the word is also identical to the root meaning to mourn (as used in Genesis 50:11), and that seems to serve the context quite well:
The second part of the name Abel-mizraim is Mizraim, which is the Hebrew word for Egypt. The name Mizraim is probably a transliteration of a word out of another language, but as is it looks like a dual form of the word מצור (masor) means siege, entrenchment. It comes from a root group that consists of five identical roots of the form צור:
For a meaning of the name Abel-mizraim, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Meadow Of Egypt, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Mourning Of The Egyptians and BDB Theological Dictionary suggests Meadow Of Egypt. But following the suggestion of HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament about the meaning of the word אבל, the name Abel-mizraim may also mean Brook Of Egypt.