🔼The name Anath in the Bible
There's only one Anath in the Bible, but it seems not too far fetched to assume that this man was named after the widely revered and horrifically violent Assyrian goddess Anat. The Biblical Anath is the father of Shamgar, who was the third judge of Israel, succeeding the judge Ehud and succeeded by Deborah (Judges 3:31, 5:6).
🔼Etymology of the name Anath
It's widely published that the etymology of the name of the goddess Anat is unclear. Some say it may have to do with the noun עין ('ayin), meaning either eye, or spring or fountain:
The name of the father of Shamgar, however, seems to relate to any of the verbs ענה ('ana), meaning either to answer, to be busy, to afflict or to sing:
For a meaning of the name Anath, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Answer, and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes the unnecessary elaborate Answer To Prayer. BDB Theological Dictionary does interpret this name beyond its plausible connection to the goddess' name Anat.