🔼The name Aroer in the Bible
There are three towns with the name Aroer mentioned in the Bible:
- An Amorite city on the edge of the valley of the Arnon valley. Sihon the king of the Amorites ruled from Aroer, but was defeated by Moses (Deuteronomy 2:36). When Canaan was divided among the tribes, this Aroer came to be in the territory of Reuben (Joshua 13:16). The father of two of David's mighty-men was an ערערי (Aroerite), and scholars assume he came from this town (1 Chronicles 11:44). In Judges 11:26 this town is referred to as ערעור (Aror)
- A city built by the tribe of Dan (Numbers 32:34, spelled ערער).
- A city in Judah to which David sends gifts from the spoil acquired from the Amalekites who had raided his camp in Ziklag, while he was out meeting the Philistines (1 Samuel 30:28).
🔼Etymology of the name Aroer
The name Aroer comes from the root-verb ערר ('arar II), meaning to be or become naked:
For a meaning of the name Aroer, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Naked and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Heath or A Naked Tree. BDB Theological Dictionary does not translate this name.