🔼The name Baana in the Bible
There are three men named בענא (Baana) in the Bible, and three or four more named בענה (Baanah). This particular variation in which the letter ה (he) is replaced with an א (aleph) is not uncommon in the Bible. See for instance the name Ezra(h).
The men named בענא (Baana) are:
- A son of Ahilud and one of the twelve deputies of king Solomon (1 Kings 4:12).
- A son of Hushai and also one of the twelve deputies (1 Kings 4:16).
- The father of Zadok, one of the repairers who worked in Jerusalem during the post-exilic restoration (Nehemiah 3:4).
The men named בענה (Baanah) in the Bible are:
- One of two sons of Rimmon the Beerothite of Benjamin. Baanah and his brother Rechab murder Saul's son Ish-bosheth and proudly bring the head to David. King David thoroughly disproves of such practices and has the two brothers promptly executed (2 Samuel 4:2-9).
- A Netophathite and father of Heleb, one of David's mighty-men (2 Samuel 23:29).
- One of the men who joined Zerubbabel in the second wave of returnees (Ezra 2:2, Nehemiah 7:7), who may or may not be the same as:
- The Baanah who's mentioned among the signers of the covenant (Nehemiah 10:27).
🔼Etymology of the name Baana
The name Baana(h) comes from the root group ענה (ana I, II, III & IV):
The letter B with which our name opens may either come from the particle beth, meaning in or by, and it may be due to a contraction of our root ana and the common word בן (ben), meaning son (a similar contraction occurs in the name Baalis):
For a meaning of the name Baana(h), Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) interprets the ana as an instance of ana I, and the B as short for ben, and reads Son Of Response. BDB Theological Dictionary, similarly, sees the B as remnant of ben, but goes with ana III, and reads Son Of Distress. NOBSE Study Bible Name List seems to view the B as the particle beth but also takes the name Baana from ana III and reads Affliction.