🔼The name Ben-deker in the Bible
It's not clear whether Ben-deker is a personal name or not. The Septuagint, Vulgate, King James and JSP translations don't think so and speak of the "son of Deker" (or Dekar), whereas the Darby, Young, ASV, NAS and NIV translations print Ben-deker, or variations thereof.
But Ben-deker or (less likely) the son of Deker was one of twelve officials who worked for king Solomon, stationed all over his kingdom. Ben-deker held sway over Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth-shemesh and Elonbeth-hanan (1 Kings 4:9).
🔼Etymology of the name Ben-deker
The name Ben-deker consists of two elements, the first one being the familiar Hebrew noun בן (ben), meaning son:
The second part of our name comes from the verb דקר (daqar), meaning to pierce or thrust through:
NOBSE Study Bible Name List's entry for the name Ben-deker appears to treat only the deker-part. NOBSE declares him to be the father of the official, and translates his name with Piercing, Mattock (while the mattock is not associated with this verb; the sword is). Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) works off the older translations and reads Thrusting Through for Dekar. BDB Theological Dictionary does not offer an interpretation of our name but does list it under the verb דקר (daqar), meaning to pierce or thrust through.