🔼The name Beth-anath in the Bible
The original inhabitants of Beth-anath were enslaved by their new landlords, and turned into a forced labor force (Judges 1:33).
The second occurrence of this name in Judges 1:33 is spelled without the maqqep (בית ענת).
🔼Etymology of the name Beth-anath
The name Beth-anath consists of two elements. The first part is identical to the common Hebrew word בית (bayit) meaning house:
The second part of our name comes from the root group ענה:
There's no way to be sure what meaning the Hebrews gave to the name Beth-anath. It may have meant House Of Answer, or House Of Business, or House Of Affliction, or House Of Singing. The anath-part may even have come from the widely known female deity named Anat, but then, that name points at the same root group אנה.
For a meaning of our name, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads House Of Anath (the goddess), and BDB Theological Dictionary proposes the similar Temple Of Anat. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names says House Of Response, "i.e. House Of Echo".