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Beth-anath meaning

בית־ענת

Source: http://www.abarim-publications.com/Meaning/Beth-anath.html

🔼The name Beth-anath in the Bible

There's only one town named Beth-anath in the Bible, a fortified town that came to be situated in the territory allotted to the tribe of Naphtali when Canaan was divided (Joshua 19:38).

The original inhabitants of Beth-anath were enslaved by their new landlords, and turned into a forced labor force (Judges 1:33).

Note the highly similar name Beth-anoth, which belonged to a city in Judah.

The second occurrence of this name in Judges 1:33 is spelled without the maqqep (בית ענת).

🔼Etymology of the name Beth-anath

The name Beth-anath consists of two elements. The first part is identical to the common Hebrew word בית (bayit) meaning house:

The second part of our name comes from the root group ענה:

🔼Beth-anath meaning

There's no way to be sure what meaning the Hebrews gave to the name Beth-anath. It may have meant House Of Answer, or House Of Business, or House Of Affliction, or House Of Singing. The anath-part may even have come from the widely known female deity named Anat, but then, that name points at the same root group אנה.

For a meaning of our name, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads House Of Anath (the goddess), and BDB Theological Dictionary proposes the similar Temple Of Anat. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names says House Of Response, "i.e. House Of Echo".