🔼The name Beth-dagon in the Bible
There are two towns named Beth-dagon mentioned in the Bible, and both are mentioned only once:
- A town in the lowlands of the territory assigned to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:41)
- A town in the land of Asher, all the way in the north of Israel (Joshua 19:27, spelled without waw and maqqep: בית דגן).
The phrase בית־דגון occurs once more, in 1 Samuel 5:5, where it refers to the temple of Dagon (1 Samuel 5:2 and 1 Chronicles 10:10 speak of בית דגון in that same context).
🔼Etymology of the name Beth-dagon
The name Beth-dagon consists of two elements. The first part is identical to the common Hebrew word בית (bayit) meaning house or temple:
The second part of our name is the same as that of Dagon, the Philistine deity. The ultimate meaning of the name Dagon is a bit of a long story; please see our article on that name. It derives from the root דגה:
The name Beth-dagon means House Of Dagon, or House Of Abundance.