🔼The name Beth-haram in the Bible
The name Beth-haram appears once in the Bible, but it alternates with the name Beth-haran (בית הרן). It's the name of a town in a valley that became part of the territory allotted to the tribe of Gad (Joshua 13:27). Prior to the conquest this area belonged to the Amorite kingdom of Sihon, king of Heshbon. In Numbers 32:36 this same town is called Beth-haran.
🔼Etymology of the name Beth-haram
The name Beth-haram consists of two elements. The first part is identical to the common Hebrew word בית (bayit) meaning house:
The second part of our name may come from the ubiquitous verb רום (rum), meaning to be high or lofty:
The letter ה (he) that precedes the word רום could then be regarded as the definite article, meaning the.
But our name may also come from the evenly common noun הר (har) , meaning hill:
For a meaning of the name Beth-haram, NOBSE Study Bible Name List appears to go with the noun הר (har) , meaning hill, and reads Mountain House. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names appears to go with the verb רום (rum), meaning to be high or lofty, and proposes House Of The Lofty. BDB Theological Dictionary does not interpret our name but notes that it still exists today, as Beit Harran, which is situated east of the Jordan, opposite Jericho.