🔼The name Beth-shean in the Bible
Beth-shean was a city apparently in the south of the territory of Issachar, but it wasn't assigned to Issachar. The older books of the Bible report that Beth-shean was assigned to the tribe of Manasseh (Joshua 17:11, Judges 1:27) but the Chronicler places Beth-shean (and adjacent towns) in Ephraim, on the border with Manasseh (1 Chronicles 7:29). The reason for this confusion is possibly because none of the tribes could take possession of Beth-shean and environs because the indigenous Canaanites, who had iron chariots, wouldn't budge (Joshua 17:16).
By the time of king Solomon, control over Beth-shean appears to have been established. One of Solomon's twelve deputies, namely Baana son of Ahilud, held sway over Beth-shean and environs (1 Kings 4:12).
🔼Etymology of the name Beth-shean
The name Beth-shean consists of two elements. The first part is identical to the common Hebrew word בית (bayit) meaning house:
The second part of our name comes from the verb שאן (sha'an), meaning to be undisturbed:
For a meaning of the name Beth-shean, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads House Of Security, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has House Of Rest and BDB Theological Dictionary proposes Place Of Quiet.