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Beth-shean meaning

בית־שאן
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🔼The name Beth-shean in the Bible

Beth-shean was a city apparently in the south of the territory of Issachar, but it wasn't assigned to Issachar. The older books of the Bible report that Beth-shean was assigned to the tribe of Manasseh (Joshua 17:11, Judges 1:27) but the Chronicler places Beth-shean (and adjacent towns) in Ephraim, on the border with Manasseh (1 Chronicles 7:29). The reason for this confusion is possibly because none of the tribes could take possession of Beth-shean and environs because the indigenous Canaanites, who had iron chariots, wouldn't budge (Joshua 17:16).

By the time of king Solomon, control over Beth-shean appears to have been established. One of Solomon's twelve deputies, namely Baana son of Ahilud, held sway over Beth-shean and environs (1 Kings 4:12).

Most scholars assume that Beth-shean is the same as Beth-shan, the place where the Philistines displayed Saul's body (1 Samuel 31:10).

🔼Etymology of the name Beth-shean

The name Beth-shean consists of two elements. The first part is identical to the common Hebrew word בית (bayit) meaning house:

The second part of our name comes from the verb שאן (sha'an), meaning to be undisturbed:

🔼Beth-shean meaning

For a meaning of the name Beth-shean, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads House Of Security, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has House Of Rest and BDB Theological Dictionary proposes Place Of Quiet.

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