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Bor-ashan meaning

בור־עשן
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🔼The name Bor-ashan in the Bible

It's not clear whether Bor-ashan is supposed to be a Biblical name or not. If it is, then it occurs in 1 Samuel 30:30, where it is listed as one of the Judean cities that received gifts from David, taken from the band of Amalekites who had raided David's headquarter in Ziklag.

The problem is that some Hebrew manuscripts read Chor-ashen (כור עשן; note that the Hebrew letters ב (beth) and כ (kaph) are somewhat similar), the Septuagint reads Βηρσαβεε (Bersabee, which would be the same as Beersheba if the Septuagint hadn't translated that name instead of transliterate it), and the Vulgate skips this name altogether and speaks of "the lake Asan". In English, the older translations speak of Chor-ashan or Chorashan (King James, Darby, Young) but younger versions prefer Bor-ashan or Bor Ashan (ASV, NAS, NIV, JSP).

Most scholars assume that Bor-ashan or Chor-ashan is the same city as the one in Judah simply called Ashan (Joshua 15:42).

🔼Etymology of the name Bor-ashan

The name Bor-ashan or Chor-ashan consist of two elements. The first part is either בור (bor), meaning well, from the verb באר (ba'ar), to declare:

Or the first part is כור (kur), meaning smelting pot or furnace, from the root כור I (kwr I):

The second part of our name is the same as the noun עשן ('ashan), meaning smoke:

🔼Bor-ashan meaning

For a meaning of the name Bor-ashan, both NOBSE Study Bible Name List and BDB Theological Dictionary read Smoking Pit. Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) who works off the older Bible versions, prefers the reading of Chorashan and translates it with Smoking Furnace.

Note the similarity between the names Chor-ashan and Chorazin (a city in the north of Israel, in the territory of Naphtali).

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