🔼The name Calcol in the Bible
There are two men named Calcol mentioned in the Bible, but there is an obvious, albeit unexplained correlation between the two:
- One of the five sons of Zerah, who was one of two twin sons of Judah and Tamar. The Chronicler lists these five sons as: Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol and Dara (1 Chronicles 2:6).
- One of four proverbially wise sons of Mahol, whose wisdom was nevertheless inferior to the wisdom of Solomon. These four sons are listed as: Ethan the Ezrahite, Heman, Calcol and Darda (1 Kings 5:11).
For a brief discussion of this curious symmetry, see our article on the name Heman.
🔼Etymology of the name Calcol
The name Calcol is probably a so-called Pilpel expression of the verb כול (kul), meaning to contain or sustain:
For a meaning of the name Calcol, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names: reads Sustenance. Neither NOBSE Study Bible Name List nor BDB Theological Dictionary translates this name, but BDB does list it under the verb כול (kul).