🔼The name Capernaum in the Bible
Capernaum is a sea-coast village of Galilee, probably somewhere on the border between the territories of Naphtali and Zebulun. Jesus moved there from Nazareth, right after His temptations by satan (Matthew 4:13). It was also the home of Peter (Matthew 8:14), and that of the centurion whose servant Jesus healed (Matthew 8:5).
Since Capernaum became Jesus' home town and many of His miracles occurred there, the people of Capernaum had a front row seat to much of His ministries. The conversion rate was disappointing, however, and Jesus pronounced a pretty sturdy curse of His village: "And you, Capernaum, will not be exalted to heaven, will you? You shall descend to Hades, for if the miracles that happened in you would have happened in Sodom, it would have remained until today... (Matthew 11:23).
🔼Etymology of the name Capernaum
The name Capernaum (Καπερναουμ) is a Greek transliteration of the Hebrew כפר נחום (kapar nahum), which obviously consists of two elements.
The first part of our name is the word כפר (kapar), meaning village:
The second part of our name is the same as the name Nahum, which comes from the verb נחם (naham), meaning either sorrow, repentance or comfort:
The whole name Capernaum translated means Village Of Consolation, but most commentators translate it with Village Of Nahum. Note that the famous Biblical author and prophet Nahum was an Elkoshite, which would denote someone from Elkosh.