🔼The name Eliakim in the Bible
There are five different men named Eliakim mentioned in the Bible:
- A son of Hilkiah and much appreciated chief housekeeper of king Hezekiah of Judah (2 Kings 18:18-19:2, Isaiah 22:20, 36:3-22, 37:2).
- The son and successor of king Josiah of Judah. Pharaoh Neco deposed Eliakim's brother Jehoahaz, made Eliakim king and changed his name to Jehoiakim, which uses the same secondary element but YHWH in stead of El (2 Kings 23:34, 2 Chronicles 36:4).
- A trumpet playing priest at the time of the dedication of the second temple (Nehemiah 12:41).
- Twice an ancestor of Jesus the Nazarene. According to Matthew, Eliakim (Ελιακειμ) was a grandson of Zerubbabel, who descended from king David via Solomon (Matthew 1:13). According to Luke, Eliakim was a great-great-great-grandson of king David via Nathan (Luke 3:30).
🔼Etymology of the name Eliakim
The name Eliakim consists of two elements, the first one being אל (El), the prominent Canaanite deity, whose name became applied to the God of Israel, or the common abbreviation of Elohim, the genus God:
The second part of our name probably comes from the verb קום, meaning to rise or stand up:
For a meaning of the name Eliakim, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads God Will Establish, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has Whom God Sets Up, and BDB Theological Dictionary proposes God Sets Up.