🔼The name Elishama in the Bible
The name Elishama belongs to seven different men in the Bible:
- A son of Ammihud and leader of the tribe of Ephraim just after the Exodus (Numbers 1:10, 1 Chronicles 7:26). Elishama and his tribe were stationed on the west side of the tabernacle (Numbers 2:18, 10:22), and theirs was the seventh day of offering donations during the tabernacle's dedication festival (Numbers 7:48).
- Two of the sons of David who were born in Jerusalem (2 Samuel 5:16, 1 Chronicles 3:6 and 3:8 and 14:7). It's not clear how this doubling works, but something similar happens to the two Eliphelets, brothers of the two Elishamas. Some scholars have suggested that the younger Elishama and Eliphelet were named after the elder ones who died. Others propose that the Elishama mentioned in 1 Chronicles 3:6 is the same as the Elishua mentioned in his stead in 1 Chronicles 14:5 and 2 Samuel 5:15.
- The grandfather of Ishmael, son of Nethaniah, who killed Gedaliah the governor of Babylon in Judah (2 Kings 25:25, Jeremiah 41:1).
- A son of Shallum of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:41).
- One of the priests who joined the contingent of itinerant teachers of the Law, as ordered by king Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:8).
- A scribe in the service of king Jehoiakim, who was among the men to whom Micaiah, son of Gemariah, told the words of Jeremiah he had heard from Baruch. The men went to inform the king about Jeremiah's message, but left the scroll in Elishama's chamber. The king ordered the scroll retrieved and proceeded to personally destroy it (Jeremiah 36:12,20,21).
🔼Etymology of the name Elishama
The name Elishama consists of the same two elements as the name Ishmael and is in fact the reverse of it. The first part of our name is אל (El), the prominent Canaanite deity whose name became applied to the God of Israel, or the common abbreviation of Elohim, the genus God:
The second part of our name comes from the verb שמע (shama'), meaning to hear:
For a meaning of the name Elishama, both NOBSE Study Bible Name List and BDB Theological Dictionary read God Has Heard. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes God The Hearer or My God Will Hear.