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Elkanah meaning

אלקנה
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🔼The name Elkanah in the Bible

The name Elkanah is assigned ten times in the Bible, but most famous is Elkanah the father of Samuel (1 Samuel 1:1). Elkanah was a Levite who lived in Ephraim (see 1 Chronicles 6:33). When Elkanah's wife Hannah appeared to be unable to conceive, Elkanah tried to comfort her with the words, "Am I not better to you than ten sons?" Hannah's reply is not recorded, other than her subsequent hysteric flight into the temple.

Other Elkanahs are:

  • A son of Korah (Exodus 6:24).
  • A son of Kohath (1 Chronicles 6:23).
  • The previous Elkanah's own son (1 Chronicles 6:27).
  • A mighty-man of David (1 Chronicles 12:6).
  • Two Kohathite musicians (1 Chronicles 6:34 and 6:36).
  • The ancestor of a Levite who returned from the Babylonian exile (1 Chronicles 9:16).
  • An unfortunate officer under king Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28:7).
  • A gatekeeper of the Ark (1 Chronicles 15:23).

🔼Etymology of the name Elkanah

The name Elkanah consists of two parts:

The first part is אל (El), either the prominent Canaanite deity whose name became applied to the God of Israel, or the common abbreviation of Elohim, the genus God:

The second part comes from the root cluster קנה ,קין and קנן:

🔼Elkanah meaning

For a meaning of the name Elkanah, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads God Has Possessed. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads God Has Redeemed, and submits a lengthy defence on why the name Elkanah cannot mean God Has Created because the verb קנה never means to create.

BDB Theological Dictionary is not impressed with Jones and renders God Has Created or God Has Taken Possession.

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