🔼The name En-gedi in the Bible
The name En-gedi (or Engedi as the NAS curiously insists) belongs to a city that came to be in the wilderness of Judah (known as Negev or Arabah; Joshua 15:62). This region was so notoriously dry and barren that Ezekiel could exclaim his consolatory prophecy that some day fishermen would fish from En-gedi to En-eglaim. But there was most likely also an oasis because according to the Chronicler, En-gedi was either also known as Hazazon-tamar (tamar means palm-tree), or else it was very close to it (2 Chronicles 20:2), and the bride of the Song of Solomon even mentions henna blossoms in the vineyards of En-gedi (Song of Solomon 1:14).
Any enemy that would come swooping in from the south would cross the Negev, which is probably why the government of Israel (and later Judah) maintained a military presence there. When David fled from Saul, he curiously hid among the fords at En-gedi, which suggests that at that point Saul's army was becoming loyal, or at least rather lenient, to David (1 Samuel 23:29, 24:1).
🔼Etymology of the name En-gedi
The name En-gedi consists of two elements. The first part is the common noun עין (ayin), meaning eye, or spring of water:
The second part of our name probably comes from the noun גדי (gedi), meaning kid (young animal), from the verb גדה (gdh):
For a meaning of the name En-gedi, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Fountain Of A Kid and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has the similar Fountain Of The Kid. BDB Theological Dictionary does not offer an explanation of this name.