🔼The name En-mishpat in the Bible
The name En-mishpat occurs only once in the Bible, in the story of Four Against Five Kings, where En-mishpat is also equated with the more familiar town of Kadesh (Genesis 14:7).
Chedorlaomer and his three royal buddies Amraphel, Arioch and Tidal responded to the uprising of five Canaanite kings by sweeping across their lands and defeating whoever they found. When they turned to En-mishpat, they defeated all the Amalekites there, as well as the Amorites living ion Hazazon-tamar.
🔼Etymology of the name En-mishpat
The name En-mishpat consists of two elements. The first part comes from the noun עין (ayin), meaning either spring/fountain or eye:
The second part of our name is the noun משפט (mishpat), denoting a ruling, from the verb שפט (shapat), meaning to judge or govern:
For a meaning of the name En-mishpat, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Fountain Of Judgment. Neither NOBSE Study Bible Name List nor BDB Theological Dictionary offers an explanation of this name.