🔼The name Ethiopia in the Bible
According to the archeological record, homo sapiens probably originated somewhere around modern Ethiopia, and according to Genesis, it marked the southernmost part of the garden of Eden (assuming that Havilah was situated to its north). The river Gihon was the second river of Eden, and flowed around the whole land of Cush (Genesis 2:13).
The name Ethiopia is very old and denoted such a distinguished classical culture that it occurs twice in Homer's Iliad and three times in the Odyssey. The word Αιθιοπια (Aithiopia) occurs only in the Septuagint but the noun Αιθιοψ (Aithiops) occurs twice in the New Testament, namely in the scene in which Philip converts the court official of Candace, queen of the Ethiopians (Acts 8:27).
🔼Etymology of the name Ethiopia
The name Ethiopia consists of two elements. The final part comes from the familiar Greek word οψ (ops), or its genitive form οπος (opos), meaning eye — hence our English words "optic" and "optician", the name Europe (means Wide-Eyed or Open-Minded) and the genus Cyclops, which means round-eyed and not one-eyed as per popular belief.
The first part of our name Ethiopia is thought to derive from the verb αιθω (aitho), meaning to light up or kindle. This verb is fairly common but neither it nor the following words are used in the Bible. The related adjective αιθος (aithos) means shining or blazing, and αιθοψ (aithops; also containing οψ, ops) means fiery-looking or sparkling. The latter word is also used metaphorically in the sense of fiery or keen (for instance by the ancient Greek poet Hesiod).
The ethnonym Ethiopian means Fiery Eye and implies Bright Eyed or Keen Of Vision.