🔼The name Hadadrimmon in the Bible
The name Hadadrimmon occurs only once in the Bible. The prophet Zechariah foretells the outpour of the Holy Spirit upon Jerusalem, which will cause everybody to realize "whom they have pierced," and as a consequence of that, there will be a great mourning in Jerusalem, "like the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the plain of Megiddo" (Zechariah 12:11).
It's not immediately clear what Zechariah meant with the mourning of Hadadrimmon. Most scholars point at the defeat and death of King Josiah of Judah at the battle of Megiddo in 609 BC, upon which "all of Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah" (2 Chronicles 35:24).
The problems with this explanation are:
- Hadadrimmon isn't mentioned in either account of the battle of Megiddo (see also 2 Kings 23:29-30).
- Though generally righteous, Josiah ignored the words of YHWH spoken to him through pharaoh Neco and came to Megiddo anyway, in disguise no less, to pick a fight with the Egyptians (2 Chronicles 35:22).
- Zechariah seems to say that either Hadadrimmon did the mourning, or else he was the one mourned. That would equate Hadadrimmon either with Jerusalem or with "the One whom they have pierced" about whom the future mourning would be all about.
- Though awful, the battle of Megiddo and the death of king Josiah had occurred about a hundred years before Zechariah wrote his prophecy, and in the mean time Judah had been completely destroyed, the whole monarchy and the temple of YHWH had been wrecked, and the people had been taken to Babylon. One would expect a greater proverbial mourning to have arisen from that.
🔼Etymology of the name Hadadrimmon
The name Hadadrimmon consists of two elements and each element is the name of a known pagan deity (probably even the same one). The first part of our name is the same as Hadad, which comes from the root חדה (hdh), meaning thundering or noise making:
For a meaning of the name Hadadrimmon, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads a rather lame Hadad And Rimmon. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Bursting Of The Pomegranate. BDB Theological Dictionary doesn't discuss this name beyond the obvious connection to the names Hadad and Rimmon.