🔼The name Haman in the Bible
The name Haman is assigned to only one person in the Bible. Haman the Agagite, son of Hammedatha, is the notorious architect of the near destruction of the Jews during their exilic stay in Babylon (Ester 3;1). But queen Esther and her uncle Mordecai saved the day and the Jews, and Haman was executed on the gallows he had erected for Mordecai.
Haman's house was give to Mordecai and Haman's ten sons were publically executed on Haman's gallows. What ever happened to Haman's wife Zeresh the story doesn't tell, but it's clear that her scheming days were over (Esther 5:14). The victory of the Jews over Haman and his cronies is still celebrated in the feast of Purim.
🔼Etymology of the name Haman
The name Haman (המן) is spelled only slightly different from the names הימן (Heman, from the verb אמן 'aman, meaning to confirm or be truthful) and הומן (Hamon, from the verb המה hama, meaning unrest or noise, and could probably be easily mistaken for either one. Haman's name was most likely Persian, but transliterated into Hebrew it looks like it was derived from either of these verbs. And that's not so strange. The name Mehuman belongs to one of the seven eunuchs of king Ahasuerus (Esther 1:10), and that name derives from the Aramaic version of the verb אמן ('aman).
The true etymology of the name Haman is disputed. The Babylon expert P. Jensen says it has to do with the Elamitic deity Humban or Humman. Simonis derives it from a Persian word meaning to be alone, while Gesenius derives it from a Persian word homam, meaning magnificent, illustrious.
It's safe to say that the original meaning of the name Haman is lost. But to a Hebrew audience it may have meant Certainty, or it may have meant Multitude or Noise. At the Purim celebrations, Jews publically read the book of Esther and every time the name Haman is about to be pronounced, people drown out the voice of the reader with shouts and noise-making toys.
Haman is typically one of those tyrannical morons who could say: "truth is what I say it is". His name appears to convey the same delusion that killed Korah (Numbers 16:1) and also brought the Roman republic to the brink of destruction, namely the idea that truth and law can be proclaimed at a will. For centuries, Rome had been a law-driven republic, governed by a college of 300 senators and a wide array of magistrates, and citizens could count on justice. When Pompey conquered Rome, he stripped the senate of its power and took control of the legal machine. After him came Julius Caesar, who had similar ideas, and his successor was Augustus, the first emperor, whose words were considered true while he spoke them. The people of the Roman Empire were no longer self-governing and were at the mercy of the whims of the emperor.
The death of Haman in the story of Esther appears to serve as the death of theological dictatorship in favor of the perpetual quest for truth (in its broadest sense and applications). The defiance of the Thought Police became the hallmark quality of Jews first (Esther 3:5, Daniel 3:12) and later Christians (Acts 5:29, Revelation 13:15), and has become somewhat of a ragged standard since the scientific revolution.