🔼The name Hazar-gaddah in the Bible
🔼Etymology of the name Hazar-gaddah
The name Hazar-gaddah consists of two elements. The first part is the same as the noun חצר (haser), meaning village:
The second part of our name appears to be derived from the verb גדד (gadad), meaning to cut or invade, or particularly from the name Gad, a god of fortune:
This second part of our name is actually a feminized form, which is curious. Perhaps the locals devised a feminine counterpart of the familiar deity Gad: Gaddah, or Lady Luck. And perhaps they named their city after a feminine form of the word for fortune (which in Hebrew is perfectly allowed) to avoid having people associate it with Gad. And perhaps the word גדה was a perfectly established noun that meant, say, "a cut" or "a furrow" or "a crevice," but which simply never made it into the Bible, and so we don't know about it. There's really no telling.
For a meaning of the name Hazar-gaddah, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Village Of Good Fortune, and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has the similar Village Of Fortune. BDB Theological Dictionary does not interpret this name but does list it under the noun חצר (haser).