🔼The name Hazazon-tamar in the Bible
The town named Hazazon-tamar is mentioned twice in the Bible. During the War of Four Against Five Kings, the Tetrad Alliance conquered among others the Amorites who lived in Hazazon-tamar (Genesis 14:7, spelled חצצון תמר). Much later, the Moabites, Ammonites and some of the Meunites, gathered at Hazazon-tamar to wage war on king Jehoshaphat of Judah (2 Chronicles 20:2, spelled חצצן תמר). The Chronicler also reveals that Hazazon-tamar was also known as En-gedi.
🔼Etymology of the name Hazazon-tamar
The name Hazazon-tamar obviously consists of two elements. The first part comes from the verb חצץ (hasas), meaning to divide:
The second part of our name is the same as the name Tamar, and comes from the noun תמר (tamar), meaning palm tree:
For a meaning of the name Hazazon-tamar, both NOBSE Study Bible Name List and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names read Pruning Of The Palm. BDB Theological Dictionary interprets only half translates our name and gives חצצון the meaning Of The Palm.