🔼The name Hezron in the Bible
There are two men and one town named Hezron in the Bible. The town named Hezron was situated somewhere in the south of the territory allotted to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:3). The name Hezron also occurs in Joshua 15:25, but it's not clear whether the text speaks of one town named Kerioth-hezron (Yes, say NAS, NIV, ASV and Darby), or two towns, one name Kerioth and one named Hezron (Yes, say KJV, JSP, and Young).
The men named Hezron are:
- One of the sons of Reuben (Genesis 46:9, 1 Chronicles 5:3), whose progeny became known as the חצרוני (Hezronites) of Reuben (Numbers 26:6). Note that in this latter reference, the name Hezron is spelled חצרן.
- A son of Perez, son of Judah and Tamar, who became the patriarch of the Hezronites (חצרוני) of Judah (Numbers 26:21). A little known fact is that Hezron also became the ancestor of Jesse and David, who were, therefore Judaic Hezronites (Ruth 4:18-22). Hezron's son Caleb would found Bethlehem (1 Chronicles 2:18). And since he is an ancestor of Christ, he is also mentioned in the Greek New Testament (spelled Εσρωμ, Esrom; Matthew 1:3, Luke 3:33)
🔼Etymology of the name Hezron
The name Hezron possibly comes from the noun חצר (haser), meaning court or enclosure:
The waw-nun couple upon which our name ends usually has the function of personalizing or localizing the idea of the root.
For a meaning of the name Hezron, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Enclosure. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names quotes Gesenius and read Enclosed or Surrounded By A Wall. BDB Theological Dictionary does not interpret Hezron but does list it under the noun חצר (haser), meaning Village.