🔼The name Hochma in the Bible
Hochma is generally not recognized as a Biblical name, but perhaps it should be. It's the Hebrew version of Sophia, meaning Wisdom. In Proverbs 1-9 wisdom is personified as a kind of Lady Wisdom (Hochma), contrasted by Lady Folly (Chesiluth; Proverbs 9:13).
The Biblical concept of wisdom is much broader than our modern understanding of wisdom. HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament states that it covers the "whole gamut of human experience". It covers artistic skill (Exodus 28:3), technical skill (Exodus 31:3) and martial skill (Isaiah 10:13). Wisdom is required to lead a nation (Deuteronomy 34:9). It covers cleverness (2 Samuel 20:22), and it counts prudence among its aspects (Psalm 37:30). The book of Proverbs dictates that wisdom begins where the acquisition of wisdom begins (4:5), and also that wisdoms begins at the fear of the YHWH (9:10).
Although wisdom is a broadly recognized concept, it's difficult to establish where it may have come from. Maybe that's why so many ancient writers sought to define it and found that it's as allusive as the evenly difficult concepts of truth and love. In order to determine what's wise and what's not, one would have to know what wisdom wants to achieve. If wisdom wants to achieve self-preservation (isn't that what biologists say?) it wouldn't be an attribute of the Messiah (Isaiah 11:2) who also seeks self-sacrifice (Isaiah 53:6). Perhaps the most fundamental desire of wisdom therefore is not self-preservation but self-application; a death of the self so that the collective might live. Love, then, becomes the expression of wisdom (1 Corinthians 13), as much as love is the fulfilment of Torah (Romans 13:8-10).
🔼Etymology of the name Hochma
The name Hochma is the word חכמה (hokma), meaning Wisdom: