🔼The name Hor in the Bible
The name Hor is applied to two separate mountains in the Bible:
- A mountain close to the territory of Edom, and Edom was south of Canaan (Numbers 20:22). On their way from Kadesh the Israelites wanted to cross Edom, but the king of Edom refused Moses passage, and so Israel halted at Mount Hor. There Aaron died (Numbers 20:28, Numbers 33:38, Deuteronomy 32:50; Deuteronomy 10:6 calls the place where Aaron died Moserah, and Deuteronomy 2:1 speaks of Mount Seir in stead of Hor).
When Israel departed from Hor and were forced to undertake the arduous journey around Edom, they rebelled and spoke against God. To stave off the fiery serpents that God sent in retaliation, Moses crafted the famous bronze serpent (Numbers 21:8), later known as Nehushtan.
- An otherwise unmentioned mountain on the northern border of the territory that YHWH assigned to Israel. It's the first landmark of note from the coast of the Mediterranean Sea eastward (Numbers 34:7-8).
🔼Etymology of the name Hor
The name Hor is the same as the noun הר (har), meaning mountain. In fact, the phrase "Mount Hor" employs twice the same word: הר ההר (har hahar):
For a meaning of the name Hor, NOBSE Study Bible Name List, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names and BDB Theological Dictionary all read Mountain.