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Izrahite meaning

יזרח
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🔼The name Izrahite in the Bible

The curious name Izrahite occurs only once in the Bible. It's the cognomen of king David's army sub-commander Shamhuth, the fifth of twelve commanders (1 Chronicles 27:8).

The name Izrahite is curious because it doesn't really exist. The Hebrew text speaks of שמהות היזרח (Shamhuth the Izrah) and scholars suppose that the author meant to say שמהות הזרחי (Shamhuth the Zerahite), comparable to the ethnonym mentioned in verses 11 and 13.

🔼Etymology of the name Izrahite

The name Izrah(ite) is almost impossible to explain. The definite article ה would demand a noun to follow, but the word יזרח is the active form of the verb זרח (zarah), meaning to rise or shine:

🔼Izrahite meaning

Really the only way to get away with this name without reverting to the assumption of text errors and sleepy scribes, is to assume that יזרח (izrah) isn't really a name but rather a title of some sort, meaning He Will Shine, or He Shines. With the definite article: היזרח would mean The He-Will-Shine.

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