🔼The name Salome in the Bible
There's only one woman named Salome in the Bible, and that's not the famous one. The only Biblical Salome is the wife of Zebedee and the mother of James and the evangelist John (Mark 15:40). She's the one who famously asks Jesus if in the Kingdom, He, as the supreme ruler of it, could possibly arrange to be sandwiched between her sons James and John (Matthew 20:20-28). That causes a bit of an uproar among the other disciples, and Jesus' nickname of the two brothers — Boanerges or Sons Of Thunder — may quite possibly be due to their tempestuous mother. Salome is nevertheless among the women who see Christ first after His resurrection (Mark 16:1).
The famous Salome is the daughter of Herodias (granddaughter of Herod the Great) and the mother of Bernice, Drusilla and Agrippa the Second. Her existence is mentioned in Matthew 14:6 and Mark 6:22 but she's never named. That we know that her name was Salome we owe to the Jewish-Roman historian Josephus. This Salome famously asked for the head of John the Baptist on a platter.
🔼Etymology of the name Salome
We only have the Greek version of this name so we don't exactly know how it's spelled in Hebrew. But it's pretty safe to assume that the name Salome comes from the Hebrew verb שלם (shalem) meaning to be complete, sound, and the familiar noun שלום (shalom), meaning peace:
The name Salome means Peace.