🔼The name Shemer in the Bible
There are three men named Shemer in the Bible:
- The man from whom king Omri of Israel bought the hill Samaria, upon which the latter built the city that would be the capital of the northern kingdom until the deportation of the Israelites to Assyria (1 Kings 16:24).
- A great-grandson of Merari, the son of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:46). The King James Version calls this man Shamer.
- A son of Japhlet of Asher (1 Chronicles 7:34). This Shemer is possibly the same as the Shomer mentioned in verse 32, although it's striking that the classic translations of the Bible, and the Masoretes chose to differentiate them.
🔼Etymology of the name Shemer
The name Shemer possibly comes from the verb שמר (shamar I), meaning to keep, guard, observe or give heed, but note that it is spelled and punctuated the same as the noun שמר (shemer), meaning dregs, or sedimentary residue, from root שמר II:
For a meaning of the name Shemer, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Guard. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has Custody, and adds "i.e. the object of watchfulness". BDB Theological Dictionary does not translate the name Shemer, lists it under the verb שמר (shamar I), but also marks it as identical to the noun שמר (shemer), meaning dregs.