🔼The name Sheva in the Bible
The name Sheva occurs technically only once in the Bible, namely in 1 Chronicles 2:49, where Sheva is listed as one of the sons of Maacah, who was one of the concubines of Caleb son of Hezron of Judah.
English translations of the Bible also list a Sheva in 2 Samuel 20:25, but this person is really called Sheya. See our article on that name for a discussion on how this confusion came to pass.
🔼Etymology of the name Sheva
Judging from the wildly differing interpretations of this name it's pretty safe to say that the origin of it is obscure. Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) believes that Sheva is a transliterated Arabic name, and means Habitation in Arabic.
For reasons that we can only guess at, NOBSE Study Bible Name List translates this name with Self-Satisfying. And BDB Theological Dictionary lists our name alphabetically and not under any available root, of which there are many.
A Hebrew audience would have linked our name without ado with the familiar and identical roots שוא (sw'), both rather negative, describing either uselessness or devastation:
Despite the various suggestions listed above, a Hebrew audience would probably interpret the name Sheva to mean Ravage or Worthless One.