🔼The name Shimron in the Bible
There is one man and one city named Shimron in the Bible, but note that the name Shimron was identical to Shomron (the Hebrew name for Samaria) until the Masoretes punctuated them differently at some time in the Middle Ages.
The Shimrons of the Bible are:
- One of the sons of Issachar, who was one of the sixty-six proto-Israelites to make the move from Canaan to Goshen in Egypt (Genesis 46:13). This Shimron became the patriarch of the Shimronites (Numbers 26:24; spelled שמרן and שמרני).
- A village in the territory allotted to the tribe of Zebulun (Joshua 19:15), which is probably the same as Shimron-meron (Joshua 12:20). Before this town befell Zebulun, it was a Canaanite city with its own king. This king joined Jabin, king of Hazor, and many others in an alliance against Israel under Joshua, after the battle of Gibeon (Joshua 11:1). In the resulting battle of Merom, the alliance was defeated and Hazor was raised to the ground (Joshua 11:13).
🔼Etymology of the name Shimron
The name Shimron comes from the verb שמר (shamar I), meaning to keep, guard, observe or give heed:
The name Shimron is formed by means of the familiar ון (waw-nun) extension, which personifies or localizes the root.
For a meaning of the name Shimron, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Watching. Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) takes the waw-nun couple to be an intensive and reads Vigilant Guardian. BDB Theological Dictionary doesn't translate this name but does list it under the verb שמר (shamar I).