🔼The name Zereth in the Bible
🔼Etymology of the name Zereth
It's not immediately clear where the name Zereth comes from, but some scholars appear to assume that it's a contracted version of a (hypothetical) noun צהרת, from the root צהר, which itself is of contested meaning:
However, the word צרת occurs as-is in the Bible, as a noun meaning distress (Genesis 35:3, 45:21, Judges 10:14, 2 Chronicles 20:9, Psalm 77:2, Isaiah 46:7) or rival (1 Samuel 1:16), and as an imperative meaning bind (Deuteronomy 14:25) or besiege (Deuteronomy 20:12, Ezekiel 4:3). All these words come from the following root cluster:
For a meaning of the name Zereth, NOBSE Study Bible Name List and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names both go with the root צהר, interpret it as being bright and translate our name with Splendor. Here at Abarim Publications we hold that the root essentially denotes a maximum elevation and would translate the name Zereth rather with Highest or Freshest.
But there seems to be more relation with any of the roots צרר (sarar) and the name Zereth also means Distress.
BDB Theological Dictionary doesn't offer an explanation of our name and lists it alphabetically, below the last of the צרר roots.