🔼The name Anthothijah: Summary
- Answers Of Yah, Afflictions Of Yah, Songs Of Yah
- From (1) the verb ענה ('ana), to respond, be busy with, afflict or sing. (2) יה (yah), the name of the Lord.
🔼The name Anthothijah in the Bible
The name Anthothijah occurs only once in the Bible. In 1 Chronicles 8:24 he is listed as one of the sons of Shashak of Benjamin. He was a head of family but nothing further is known about him.
🔼Etymology of the name Anthothijah
The name Anthothijah consists of two elements, the final one being יה (yah), which is short for יהוה or YHWH. The first part of our name is a plural form of a noun deriving from any of the verbs ענה ('ana):
There are four verbs of the form ענה ('nh), or perhaps one verb with four distinct usages:
Verb ענה ('ana I) means to answer, respond or correspond, and since in the old world time was considered a cycle, noun עת ('et) means time. Temporal adverb עתה ('atta) means now; adjective עתי ('itti) means timely or ready, and conjunction יען (ya'an) means on account of. Noun מענה (ma'aneh) means an answer and noun ענה ('ona) means cohabitation.
Verb ענה ('ana II) means to be busy or occupied with. Noun ענין ('inyan) means occupation or task, and noun מענה (ma'ana) means place for or agent of a task.
Verb ענה ('ana III) means to afflict, oppress or humble. Noun ענו ('anaw) refers to the poor, afflicted or needy. Noun ענוה ('anawa) means humility. Noun ענות ('enut) means affliction. Adjective עני ('ani) means poor or afflicted. Noun עני ('oni) means affliction or poverty, and noun תענית (ta'anit) means humiliation.
Verb ענה ('ana IV) means to sing.
For a meaning of the name Anthothijah, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Answers Of Yahweh and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has the similar Prayers Answered Of The Lord.
BDB Theological Dictionary does not offer an explanation of this name but under Anathoth BDB mentions a possible connection with the goddess Anat. See our article on the name Anathoth for a brief look at that proposal.