🔼The name Ataroth: Summary
- From the noun עטרה (atarah), crown, from the verb עטר (atar), to surround.
🔼The name Ataroth in the Bible
There are two cities named Ataroth in the Bible:
- A city built (or expanded) by the people of the tribe of Gad (Numbers 32:3 and 32:34; only in the latter verse spelled עטרת).
- A city in the territory allotted to the tribe of Joseph, which subsequently became assigned to Ephraim, and which marked the border of the Archites (Joshua 16:2 and 16:7). This city is probably the same as Ataroth-addar.
🔼Etymology of the name Ataroth
The name Ataroth is a plural form of the noun עטרה (atarah), meaning crown:
The verb עטר ('atar) means to surround. Noun עטרה (atarah) means crown and denominative verb עטר ('atar) means to coronate.
For a meaning of the name Ataroth, both NOBSE Study Bible Name List and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names read Crowns. BDB Theological Dictionary does not translate the name Ataroth but does list it under the verb עטר.