🔼The name Besodeiah: Summary
- In The Council Of Yah
- From (1) the prefix ב (be), in, and (2) the noun סוד (sod), assembly, and (3) יה (yah), the name of the Lord.
🔼The name Besodeiah in the Bible
The name Besodeiah occurs only once in the Bible. In Nehemiah 3:6 we read how Joiada the son of Paseah and Meshullam the son of Besodeiah repaired the Old Gate, as part of the repair of Jerusalem's wall. Nothing else is known about this man.
🔼Etymology of the name Besodeiah
The name Besodeiah consists of three elements, the first of which being the prefix ב (be), meaning in or by means of:
Prefix ב (be) means in, within or by means of.
The second part of our name comes from the noun סוד (sod), assembly or council:
Probably deriving from an unused verb סדד (sadad), to join, the verb יסד (yasad) means to assemble into the foundation of a societal structure: a temple or assembly, a nation or a government. Nouns יסד (yesud), יסוד (yesod), יסודה (yesuda), מוסד (musad), מוסדה (musada), מוסד (mosad) and מסד (massad) all mean foundation or assembly.
The noun סוד (sod) means assembly and may denote an assembly of friends or schemers or a formal assembly, a council. This word is often combined with words that denote secrecy and exclusivity.
Noun סד (sad) denotes a set of shackles to bind someone's feet with, and certain members of a society that's trying to make a transition from government by brute force to one of diplomacy and debate may very well complain that joining a council of talkers rather slows a person down.
Noun סדין (sadin) denotes a linen wrapper or cloak and was probably a mark of the wealthy class and thus the ruling elite.
The third part of our name is the theonym יה (yah), which is short for יהוה or YHWH.
For a meaning of the name Besodeiah, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads In The Council Of Yahweh. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has the similar In The Council Of The Lord. BDB Theological Dictionary goes with the implied secrecy of what a council discusses and proposes In The Secret Of Yah.