🔼The name Egypt: Summary
- Temple of Ptah
- Married To Tragedy
- From the Egyptian Hwt-Ptah, via the Greek Αιγυπτος (Aiguptos).
- From αιγειος (aigeios), of goat, the wife of τραγος (tragos), he-goat.
🔼Etymology of the name Egypt
According to the Oxford Companion to the Bible, the name Egypt is an English rendering of the Greek name Αιγυπτος (Aiguptos), which in turn is a transliteration of the Egyptian Hwt-Ptah, meaning Temple of Ptah. Ptah was Egypt's creator-god who had created the world via his thought and his word, and he also became patron of craftsmen.
To a creative Greek, the name Αιγυπτος (Aiguptos) would probably have sounded somewhat similar to the adjective αιγειος (aigeios), meaning of goat, from the noun αιξ (aix), meaning she-goat. Not only would our name have sounded like Goat-i-stan, but the husband of the αιξ (aix) was the τραγος (tragos), he-goat, from which comes the familiar noun τραγωδια (tragodia), tragedy, literally: goat-song. That means that to the right kind of ears, the name Egypt would probably have sounded like Place Married To Tragedy (see our article on the name Agrippa for a more thorough look at this).
Obviously, the familiar observation that the Creator called his Son — which would be the embodiment of the collective human understanding of the Creator (Romans 1:20, Colossians 2:9) — out of Egypt speaks of the natural evolution of scientific thought much rather than of some religion.
The Egyptians themselves named their country Keme, meaning the Black Land.