🔼The name Jachin: Summary
- He Establishes, He Will Give Certainty
- From the verb כון (kun), to be set up, fixed or established.
🔼The name Jachin in the Bible
There are four Jachins in the Bible:
- A son of Simeon, son of Jacob. This Jachin would become the patriarch of the יכיני, the Jachinites (Numbers 26:12). In 1 Chronicles 4:24 he's called Jarib.
- A man mentioned among the descendants of Aaron (1 Chronicles 24:17).
- A priest in the time of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 11:10).
- The right one of two pillars in front of Solomon's temple; the left one is named Boaz (1 Kings 7:21), and see our article on the name Hannibal for a quick review of the Phoenician influences on Israel.
According to Spiros Zodhiates' The Complete Word Study Dictionary New Testament, the name Jachin gave rise to the name Achim of Matthew 1:14.
🔼Etymology of the name Jachin
The name Jachin comes from the verb כון (kun), meaning to be established:
Root כנן (kanan) and hence verb כון (kun) mean to set, establish, fix, and so on. Nouns כן (ken), מכונה (mekona) and מכנה (mekona) denote a base or pedestal, noun מכון (makon) describes some fixed or established place, and noun תכונה (tekuna) means place or arrangement. Noun כון (kawwan) expresses a sort of ritualistic or sacrificial setup.
Adjective כן (ken) means right, true or honest, and adverb כן (ken) expresses confirmation: "thus" or "so". Verb כנה (kana) means to give a title or epithet or cognomen. Slightly unexpected, the noun כן (ken) denotes a gnat; the sort of proverbially plaguy insect that appears in huge swarms.
The name Jachin is derived from a future form of כון (kun). For a meaning of the name Jachin, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes He Will Give Certainty or He Will Establish. NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads He (God) Establishes.