🔼The name Malluch: Summary
- From the verb מלך (malak), to be or become king.
🔼The name Malluch in the Bible
There are six different individuals named Malluch in the Bible:
- A descendant of Levi through Merari (1 Chronicles 6:44)
- One of the sons of Bani, who had married foreign wives and who divorced them during the purge of Ezra (Ezra 10:29).
- One of the sons of Harim who did the same thing (Ezra 10:32).
- Two of the signers of the sealed document (Nehemiah 10:4 and 10:27)
- One of the priests who traveled with Zerubbabel from Babylon back to Israel (Nehemiah 12:2). This is possibly (but not necessarily) the same man as the Malluchi mentioned in Nehemiah 12:14, and may also be the same as either of the previous two.
🔼Etymology of the name Malluch
The name Malluch is one of many derived from the noun מלך (melek), meaning king:
The noun מלך (melek) means king, and a king is not merely a glorified tribal chief but the alpha of a complex, stratified society, implying a court and a complex government.
The Bible insists that a society must be governed by a triad of anointed sovereigns, namely prophets, priests and the king. A good king causes his people to be prosperous and peaceful whereas a bad one causes poverty and strife. The difference between the two is dictated by how close to the Law of Nature (a.k.a. the Word of God) the king operates. A kingdom that is wholly in tune with the Law consists of only sovereign individuals and is thus without a physical king.
An Aramaic cognate verb מלך (malak) means to consult, which confirms that the concept of royalty indeed evolved from wisdom and intellectual prowess rather than brute physical or political strength, as is commonly suggested.
From this noun derives the verb מלך (malak): to be or become king, the nouns מלכה (malka) and מלכת (meleket): queen or court-lady, the noun מלוכה (meluka): kingship or royalty, and the nouns מלכות (malkut), ממלכה (mamlaka) and ממלכות (mamlakut), meaning sovereignty or kinghood.
For a meaning of the name Malluch, both NOBSE Study Bible Name List and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names read Reigning. BDB Theological Dictionary doesn't interpret this name but does list it under the noun מלך (melek), meaning king.