🔼The name Nethaniah: Summary
- Yah Has Given
- From (1) the verb נתן (natan), to give, and (2) יה (yah), the shortened name of the Lord.
🔼The name Nethaniah in the Bible
There are three or four men named Nethaniah in the Bible:
- The father of a man named Ishmael, who killed Gedaliah, the vassal governor of Judah (2 Kings 25:23-25 and Jeremiah 40:14 to 41:18). In Jeremiah 40:8 and 41:9 this name is spelled with the final waw: נתניהו (Nethaniahu or Nethanyahu), which is really the same name.
- One of the descendants of Asaph who served in the tabernacle as a musician (1 Chronicles 25:2). To establish who would do what, these men cast lots, and Nethaniah received lot five (1 Chronicles 25:12). In this latter instance of our name, it's spelled with a final waw.
- One of the Levites who were sent out by king Jehoshaphat to teach the Law of the Lord to the people of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8).
- The father of Jehudi who sat in the counsel to which Baruch read the scroll of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 36:14). This Nethaniah and the first of our list are contemporaries, and Jehudi and Ishmael could be brothers.
🔼Etymology of the name Nethaniah
The name Nethaniah consists of two elements, the final one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHWH, or Yahweh.
The first part of our name comes from the verb נתן (natan) meaning to give:
The shape-shifting verb נתן (natan) means to give in a broad bouquet of senses, from regular giving or bestowing, to setting or putting, to transforming one thing or situation into another.
This verb's three nouns מתן (mattan), מתנה (mattana) and מתת (mattat) all mean gift, again broadly ranging from a regular present to an offering to an innate talent (being "gifted").
For a meaning of the name Nethaniah, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Yahweh has Given and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has Given Of The Lord. BDB Theological Dictionary does not translate this name but does list it under the verb נתן (natan), meaning to give: