🔼The name Oded: Summary
- Repeater, Witness
- From the verb עדד ('adad), to repeatedly encounter or pass by.
🔼The name Oded in the Bible
There are two men named Oded in the Bible, and they are both prophets and both only mentioned in the book of 2 Chronicles:
- The father of Azariah, whose message to king Asa of Judah instigated wide-spread reforms in the territories of Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim (2 Chronicles 15:1, 15:8; only in 15:1 spelled עודד).
- A prophet who worked during the reign of king Ahaz of Judah. This king Ahaz worshipped idols and sacrificed his children and for that YHWH gave him and his people over to the Israelites. The Israelites abducted 200,000 women and children and took them to Samaria, but Oded addressed them and convinced them to treat them humanely and let them go, whereupon the Israelites clothed and fed them and marched them to Jericho (2 Chronicles 28:9).
🔼Etymology of the name Oded
The name Oded comes from the verb עדד ('adad) meaning to return or repeat:
Root עדד ('adad) describes a repeated passing by or over, or a repeated encountering. Noun עדה ('idda) describes any well-worn item.
Verb עדה ('ada I) means to advance or pass on. Nouns עד ('ad) and ועד (w'ad) describe the difficult concept of a future era advancing upon the now, or else the prey or booty upon which a predator advances. The conjunction עד ('ad) or עדי ('ady) means "as far as" or until.
The same verb, namely עדה ('ada II) is used to mean to adorn or ornament oneself — that is: to have items approach the canvas of one's bulk in order to testify of some social rank or perhaps the trade or order one belongs to. Noun עדי ('adi) means ornamentation: fancy or declarative things worn on one's body or clothes.
Verb יעד (ya'ad) means to meet, habitually and repeatedly rather than incidentally. Noun עדה ('eda) means congregation or some other joint collective. Nouns מועד (mo'ed), מועד (mo'ad) and מועדה (mu'ada) describe a place (or time) of meeting.
Verb עוד ('ud) means to return and repeat. Noun עוד ('od) denotes an addition, repetition or continuance. Nouns עד ('ed), עדה ('eda), עדה ('eda), עדת ('edut), עדות ('edut) and תעודה (te'uda) all mean witness or testimony in various nuances, and verb עוד ('ud) means to bear witness.
For a meaning of the name Oded, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads a curious Setting Up, Established and BDB Theological Dictionary proposes Restorer. NOBSE Study Bible Name List does not interpret this name. Here at Abarim Publications we surmise that this name probably aims to commemorate the act of perpetual witnessing.