🔼The name Zuar: Summary
- Small, Little
- From the verb צער (sa'ar), to be or become small or insignificant.
🔼The name Zuar in the Bible
There's only one man called Zuar in the Bible but we know about him only because of his famous son, Nethanel, who was the leader of the tribe of Issachar at the beginning of Israel's wandering years (Numbers 1:8).
Nethanel son of Zuar was to park the tribe of Issachar on the east of the tabernacle, next to the tribe of Judah (2:5), and was the second to depart when the camp had broken up (10:15). Issachar's offering occurred on the second day of the tabernacle's dedication festival (7:8).
🔼Etymology of the name Zuar
The name Zuar comes from the verb צער (sa'ar), meaning to be or become small:
The verb צער (sa'ar) means to be or become small or insignificant. Adjective צעיר (sa'ir) may mean small or young, younger, youngest. Noun צעירה (se'ira) means youth, young or subservient person. Noun מצער (mis'ar) refers to any place or agent of smallness; a small town, one's humble beginnings, a few men, a little while.
For a meaning of the name Zuar, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Small, Little. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Very Small, but does not explain where the "very" comes from (it's not implied by the name). BDB Theological Dictionary suggests Little One.