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Abarim Publications' Biblical Dictionary: The Hebrew word: גבר
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Abarim Publications' online Biblical Hebrew Dictionary

גבר

The root-verb גבר (gabar) means to be strong or mighty (Job 21:7, 1 Chronicles 5:2), or to prevail (Exodus 17:11, Genesis 7:18), or to confirm (Daniel 9:27, Psalm 12:4). This verb yields these derivatives:

  • The masculine noun גבר (geber), meaning man (Exodus 10:11, Jeremiah 41:16). This noun is one of few words for man and geber denotes a man as a strong individual, distinct from women, children and non-combatants. In modern times this noun is somewhat on a par with the English word guy, and geber can still be found in modern Israel on doors of guys' bathrooms.
  • The adjective גבור (gibbor), meaning mighty (Genesis 10:9, Proverbs 30:30).
  • The previous word גבור (gibbor) used as noun denotes a strong or valiant man (Joshua 10:2, Judges 6:12).
  • The feminine noun גבורה (gebura) meaning strength (Job 39:19, Judges 5:31) or might (Exodus 32:18, Judges 8:21).
  • The masculine noun גביר (gebir), meaning lord or master (Genesis 27:29 and 37 only).
  • The feminine noun גבירה (gebira), meaning lady or queen (1 Kings 11:19) or queen-mother (1 Kings 15:13).
  • The feminine noun גברת (geberet), meaning lady or queen (Isaiah 47:5) or mistress (Genesis 16:8).

Associated Biblical names

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