Buz is probably a country or a region, mentioned by the prophet Jeremiah as one of the recipients of the cup of the Lord's wrath (Jeremiah 25:23). Buz is mentioned along with Dedan and Tema and 'all those who cut the corners of their hair.' In 9:26 Jeremiah says something similar, about clipping the hair on people's temples. This activity probably has to do with some religious custom, but because of these remarks, orthodox Jews still wear their temple hair long.
This nation of Buz was probably founded by Buz, the son of Nahor and Milcah, say both NOBS Study Bible Name List and BDB Theological Dictionary (Genesis 22:21). Another man named Buz is mentioned in 1 Chronciles 5:14.
The name Buz is identical to the word (buz) meaning contempt. The Hebrew root (buz) means to despise or hold as insignificant; Proverbs 1:7, `Fools buz wisdom and instruction.' The meaning of the noun buz (213a) is illustrated by Proverbs 18:3 and Psalm 31:18, but possibly the most remarkable usage of buz is God pouring out buz upon nobles (Psalm 107:40).
NOBS Study Bible Name List and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names both translate this name with Contempt.
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